Sea or Air shipping can be used for all types of cargo. This includes commercial and industrial materials as well as personal goods such as, furniture, house goods, and automobiles. Container size, weight, necessary documentation, and transportation to-and-from the port of entry determine the rate. Contact our Freight Agent at to initiate your rate quote for your specific cargo.

Less Than Container Load is Known as LCL

This is a method of shipping when you do not have enough cargo to utilize a complete container. Your cargo will be shipped in one (1) container with other people’s shipments. It is a shared space. You must pay attention to the packaging of your goods for this method since it will be handled in the consolidation warehouse for packing of the container. The weight and dimensions of your shipment are necessary as ocean pricing is based on volume (per cubic meter/or cubic foot, not to exceed 20 Kg per square foot). Weight and classification is used to figure the trucking transportation to the port. The cargo is then taken out to a consolidation warehouse to make it ready for departure.

Full Container Load is Known as FCL

This is a method of shipping when you have enough cargo to utilize the complete container. The advantage of being able to use a factory stuffed full container load (FCL) is that the container is sealed after you finish loading and no one will touch your cargo until you reopen it at its destination. Customs is the only one, who might open the container to inspect for clearance. In case of warehouse stuffing the container will be stuffed at customs warehouse and will be stuffed by labour provided by the custodian of the warehouse and will be reopened only at Destination.

General Information For Decision Making

The most common containers used in ocean freight are the 20’, 40’GP, & 40’HC standard containers. They are used for shipping by road/train and by ocean. The standard container is used because they can be easily stacked. These containers offer the lowest cost to business and the consumer is shipping large quantities or heavy weight content cargo. The interior dimensions of each 20 ft, 40 ft, and 40’hc containers are:


Dimensions: Length Width Height
Overall 40′ = 12192 mm 8′ = 2438 mm 8′ 6″ = 2591 mm
Internal 39′ 5.25″ = 12022 mm 7′ 5.625″ = 2352 mm 7′ 10.25″ = 2395 mm
Door Opening 7′ 8.25″ = 2343 mm 7′ 5.75″ = 2280 mm
Max. Gross 67200 lbs = 30480 kg
Tare 8600 lbs = 3900 kg
Max. Payload 58600 lbs = 26580 kg
Recommended load 2050 cu. ft. = 58 m3
Dimensions: Length Width Height
Overall 20′ = 6096 mm 7′ 9.25″ = 2370 mm 8’6″ = 2591 mm
Internal 19′ 5.75″ = 5935 mm 7′ 8″ = 2335 mm 7′ 9.75″ = 2383 mm
Door Opening 7′ 8″ = 2335 mm 7′ 6.25″ = 2292 mm
Max. Gross 52910 lbs = 24000 kg
Tare 4585 lbs = 8080 kg
Max. Payload 48325 lbs = 21920 kg
Recommended load 1000.00 cu. ft. = 28. m3


BAF Bunker adjustment factor. A fuel surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight rate.
Berth Place alongside a quay where a ship loads or discharges cargo.
Bill of entry A shipper’s detailed statement for customs purposes
Bill of lading A contract of carriage used by ocean, inland waterway, rail, truck common carriers, and contract carriers. This is a document signed by the carrier and acts as a contract of freight, a receipt and evidence of title to the cargo.
Break Bulk A term for general cargo. Cargo loaded in bulk inside a vessel as compared to cargo in a container.
C & F (CFR) Cost and freight. A term of sale.
CAF Currency adjustment factor. A surcharge expressed as a percentage from the freight rate compensating the shipper. Used to compensate for fluctuations in currencies.
Carrier Any person who undertakes to perform the performance of carriage by rail, road, sea, air, inland waterway or any combination.
Certificate of Origin Document presented to customs for import freight used to certify the national origin of the goods.
CFS Container Freight Station. A warehouse or terminal licensed by Customs to receive in-bond (import) and out-bond LCL freight to be consolidated or deconsolidated.
CIF Cost, insurance and freight
COD Cash on delivery
Consignee (C/nee) Person to whom goods are to be delivered by the carrier at the place of destination. This is the receiver.
Container Wood or metal storage for the carriage of cargo.
Container Vessel Ship specially designed to carry shipping containers.
CRF Clean report of findings. Details the quality, quantity and state of goods that are shipped.
CRN Customs registered number
DDC Destination delivery charge. An accessorial charge to deliver at destination.
Delivery Order Written instructions issued by owner of freight (or authorized agent) directing that the freight be released or shipped to a specified party.
Demurrage Charges caused by containers being stored at port and using space beyond specified ‘free period’ of time.
Detention Charges caused by containers being kept outside port beyond specified free time.
Discharging Removing goods from a ship or warehouse.
Drayage The trucking movement of a container.
Dry Van A basic 20/40 ft container.
ETA Estimated time of arrival.
ETD Estimated time of departure.
ETS Estimated time of sailing.
FCL Full container load
FEU Forty foot equivalent unit. Two 20 -foot containers equals one FEU.
FMC Federal Maritime Commission
FOB Free on board. Usually referred to the loading/terminal costs.
Freight Forwarder Company or person who organizes transportation of cargo including one or all of the following: sea, truck, air or rail transport, haulage and customs clearance.
Groupage A container with cargoes from/for different shippers/receivers containing more than one shipper’s cargo. Otherwise known as LCL (less than a container load).
LCL Less than a container load. A container with cargoes from/for different shippers/receivers. One container containing more than one shipper’s cargo.
Manifest A list of the cargo to be loaded including Bill of Lading number, weight, volume, shippers and receiver’s names, etc.
Open Top Container Container with a removable fabric roof which enable heavy/bulk cargo to be loaded into the container by crane/elevator.
Overlanded Cargo discharged but not on the manifest, generally by accident.
Pallet A wooden frame on which pieces of general cargo are placed so they can be lifted using a forklift truck.
Packing list Document which itemizes shipment contents.
Phytosanitary Cert. Phyto means plants. Under WTO treaty, a competent government authority can issue a certificate based on inspection of goods confirming that a plant, seeds, or plant products are free of insects and disease which the destination country specifies.
Pro Forma Pro forma invoice – it is a quotation.
Seafreight Charges of transporting cargo by sea.
Short Shipped Cargo not loaded and left either by accident or design.
SOB Shipped on board
Stowage Order Before certain classes are sent to the docks for shipment, a special stowage order must be obtained from the shipowner. It is the shipowner’s authority to the shipworker to accept the goods and stow them where indicated. This must accompany the goods to the docks.
Tank Container A container suitable for carrying liquids of powder
Tariff The actual weight of the container only without goods.
Tariff A published listing containing actual rates, classifications, charges, and rules. A tariff is the distinguishing feature of a common carrier consisting of transportation between published points/routes of service based on a common set of rules, at specified costs.
TEU 20-ft equivalent unit. A standard of measure used to indicate container vessel or terminal capacity. A 20-ft container.
THC Terminal handling charge. Another accessorial charge.
Transshipment Transfer and reloading of freight from one vessel to another or from one mode to another, i.e., truck to ship) during the course of shipment from origin to destination.